2 thoughts on “11/07/31

    Църковен празник, отбелязван преди началото на Богородичните пости.

    Богородичният пост продължава две седмици и свършва с големия християнски празник Успение на Пресвета Богородица /15 август/, познат сред българите като голяма Богородица.
    По традиция Божията майка се почита като покровителка на семейството, на децата и на раждаемостта. Затова в деня на нейния празник жените украсяват иконата на светицата с цветя, поставят пред нея дарове – кърпи, ризи и пари.

    Средата на Богородичните пости се нарича Преображение Господне /6 август/. На този ден по традиция се бере първото узряло грозде. То се носи в черквата да се освети от свещеник. След това жените раздават гроздето заедно с други плодове за здраве и благополучие.

    Заговезни са църковни празници, отбелязвани в деня преди началото на период на пости. В годината има Месни заговезни и Сирни заговезни – преди започване и в началото на Великите (Великденски) пости, Петрови заговезни – преди започване на Петровите пости, Богородични заговезни – преди започване на Богородичните пости и Коледни заговезни – преди започване на Коледните пости.

    На този ден се прави трапеза с обредна „заговезнишка пита“, която се чупи, а не се реже. Ястията са блажни. В някои селища следващите три дни гладуват, за да се пречистят тялом и духом. Имен ден имат хората, носещи името Евдоким, Евдокия


    The word “fast” means not eating all or certain foods. . Generally speaking, fasting is an essential element of the Christian Life.
    Following the traditions handed to us by the saints, we abstain from all meat products, all dairy products, eggs, fish and olive oil the entire period of lent. Those who believe that we fast strictly only for the first and last week err and are not in accord with the teaching of the saints.
    the Mother of God

    August 1

    The Eastern Orthodox and the Byzantine Rite Catholics commemorate the Feast of the Procession of the Venerable Wood of the Cross (or Procession of the Precious Wood of the Life-giving Cross of Jesus Christ) on August 1. This day marks the beginning of the Dormition Fast. The propers of the feast are combined with those of the Holy Maccabean Martyrs, the commemoration of whose endurance is deemed appropriate for the first day of a fast. Unlike the September 14 observance, this commemoration is considered to be a minor feast, but it does have the bringing out of the cross and veneration by the faithful like the September feast.
    The history of this feast begins in Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, Turkey). It was the custom there to carry the relic of the True Cross through the streets and squares of the city to ask for God’s blessing, and for relief from sickness. On the eve of the feast (July 31), which is observed as a forefeast, it was taken out of the imperial treasury, and laid upon the altar of the „Great Church“ (Hagia Sophia). On August 1 it was solemnly placed in the middle of the Great Church for the faithful to venerate. The relic was taken in procession daily throughout the city, offering it to the people to venerate until the Feast of the Dormition of the Theotokos (August 15), when it was returned again to the imperial treasury.

    In commemoration of this tradition, it is customary to have a crucession (a procession headed by the cross) and celebrate the Lesser Blessing of Water on August 1. It is the first of three „Feasts of the Saviour“ in the month of August, the other two being the Transfiguration (August 6) and the Icon of Christ „Not Made by Hands“ (August 16). Because of the blessing of holy water, this holy day is sometimes called „Saviour of the Water.“ There may also be celebrated on this day the Rite of Blessing New Honey, for which reason the day is also referred to as „Saviour of the Honey.“

    According to Saint Nikolaj Velimirović, this feast was instituted by mutual agreement of the Greeks and Russians to commemorate the simultaneous victories of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos over the Bulgarians and the Russian Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky over the Saracens in the 12th century.
    The Feast of the Dormition is preceded by a two-week fast, referred to as the Dormition Fast. From August 1 to August 14 (inclusive)… Fast from red meat, poultry, meat products, dairy products (eggs and milk products), fish, oil, and wine. The Dormition Fast is a stricter fast than either the Nativity Fast (Advent) or the Apostles’ Fast, with only wine and oil (but no fish) allowed on weekends.
    Read more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dormition_Fast#Dormition

  2. Please can you explain a little about Bogorodichni Zagovezni for me? My group is doing a celebration on that day and we want to honor Mother Mary on our altar. Sorry I cannot read Bulgarian very well, but I can sing a lot of songs!!!

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